The dot peen marking system is a common technique used in many manufacturing industries to imprint permanent markings on different materials, including metal, plastic, composites, and other materials. The marking system uses machines known as dot peen markers or engravers, each with unique features but running using the same mechanism to create the required marking on the object.
What is peculiar to the dot peen marking system? This article fully discussed dot peen marking, aiming to equip you with everything you know about the process.
What is Dot Peen Marking?
Dot peen marking is a system applicable in making a deep and permanent impression on hard materials, including metals, plastics, and other hard materials with less than 62HRC. Also known as dot peen engraving, pin stamping, or pin marking, the marking system is fast and efficient and, on programming, can make any form of marking, including date/time, parts, logo, etc. It does this by using a carbide or tungsten pin to impact the material, which creates the mark.
Benefits Of Dot Peen Marking System
The dot peen engraving system has several advantages over its traditional methods, such as hand stamping, punch and die, and other modern marking systems such as laser, chemical etching, and inkjet marking.
· Durable permanent marks that can withstand tough environments
The dot peen engraving system produces durable and permanent markings and is more suitable for deep engraving, unlike the laser marking system. As a result, dot peen machines are suitable for marking parts irrespective of the toughness of their place of application.
· High-speed operations
Dot peen marking machines from HeatSign can make faster, recording over 65% faster than its competitors. As a result, they are the perfect choice for people looking for speed and quality marking.
· Electric or pneumatic options
Dot peen machines can be electric or pneumatic. At a HeatSign, we offer both options allowing you to choose the right material for your project
· Portable design
Dot peen machines come in different designs, including benchtop, portable, and inline types. Each has unique features and capabilities. The portable dot peen machine options are ergonomic and lightweight. As a result, they are more applicable in marking parts with large surface areas or complex designs
· Marks metals and some hard plastics
HeatSign’s dot peen engraver is compatible with metals such as aluminum and copper, plastics and other materials with a hardness of less than 62HRC.
Types of Dot Peen Marking Machines
Maximizing the use of the dot peen marking system is not only achievable by understanding the process. You need to know about the available pin marking machine to target the right one effectively. Below are the five common types of dot peen marking machines and their functions.
· Normal Dot Peen Engraver
Normal dot peen markers have good features and a moderate price tag affordable by any layman. As a result, they are the most common machines available in the market. Machines are popular in manufacturing industries with low adoption of automation. They have a compact design, affordable cost, and are easy to operate by dot peen machine operators of different technical caliber.
How Does a Normal Dot Peen Engraver Work?
The bullet nose, placed on the nose of the engraver tool, has a ball-bearing race that helps grind the surface area while dot peening. It brings out marking results in the surface area.
The marking depth depends on the pressure applied to the point drill while standing in front of the workpiece. It also depends on the hardness of the material you are using.
The working mechanism of these engravers can be handled by anyone familiar with welding and cutting processes since it requires little knowledge.
The normal dot peen engravers have two designs: pneumatic or electromagnetic configurations. The equipment has interchangeable marking pins that help change the working mechanism quickly according to the user’s requirements.
The dot-peen marking method occurs at a little low speed when working with delicate surface areas. On the other hand, marking occurs at high speed to achieve the desired results on a rigid surface.
Double Nose Dot Peen Engraver
Double-nose dot peen engraving machines are more advanced than normal ones, evident in their ability to produce high-precision patterns on flat surfaces with great accuracy and speed. Furthermore, they are also applicable in efficiently creating ornamental surfaces. They can also process metals quickly without any issue, making them ideal for flat surface processing.
Double-nose dot peen machines have a double-nose design. As a result, it is easy to change the tool heads quickly without any hassle. They have a similar working mechanism to normal dot peen machines. However, they produce better results. For example, they can engrave through high pressure and allow you to achieve high accuracy while working on your project.
Pneumatic Dot Peen Marking Device
Pneumatic or power dot peen marking devices keep metal parts with dot peen marks. As a result, they are generally applicable in forging, casting, forging, stamping, and rolling mills.
Using a pneumatic dot peen marker helps secure the product’s identity and prevent the theft of valuable goods from different industries. Hence, it is widely used across several industries and has extensively grown in popularity. Here are other reasons.
- It has a short marking stroke.
- A foot pedal or air pressure can actuate the dot peen marking systemfaster and more accurately than mechanical ones.
- It’s suitable for serializing small-sized parts, thin walls, and deep cavities.
- You can control the marking speed with the software.
Vibro Peen Marking Device
The Vibro Peen Marking Device is a versatile tool used to engrave various metal materials. It utilizes a vibrating carbide stylus to create precise, permanent marks, ensuring legibility and traceability. Popular in industries like automotive, aerospace and manufacturing , it offers a cost-effective, low-maintenance solution for part identification and quality control, with user-friendly design and customization options suitable for large and small-scale applications.
There are various ways of using vibro peen marking technology. Three common uses include:
- To create permanent markings on metal items such as steel pipes and sheets for identification purposes.
- To create a mark on soft metals for quality assurance.
- Marking the metal count on the outside of the tubing indicating its grade and purity
Vibro Dot Peen markers are applicable worldwide in numerous industries, including oil, gas, petrochemical, refining, power generation, pulp/paper/wood processing and recycling facilities, and many other industries.
Metal Tag Engraving
This type of engraving machine is suitable for working on tags made from iron, copper, brass, and aluminum. As a result, it is applicable in industries that produce employee tags, such as shipbuilding, construction, military, and prisons.
The importance of metal tag engraving machines is evident in their easy labeling of various items made from metal, wood, plastics, etc., with codes. These codes can be numbers, alphabets, or both, arranged in a particular way and used to identify a certain product from a batch.
This type of dot peen marking machine has three main parts: the engraving head assembly, the hex bar for moving the plate into position under the engraving head, and the engraved workpiece.
The engraving head simulates the movement based on the content generated by the software to determine if the position of the content fits with the metal tag frame line.
Types of Metal Tag Engravers
The Metal Tag Engraving Machine comes in various types to cater to diverse needs and applications:
- Manual Metal Tag Engraver: Offers a simple, cost-effective solution for small-scale engraving tasks with hands-on control.
- Semi-Automatic Metal Tag Engraver: Combines manual input with automated functionality for increased efficiency and precision.
- Fully Automatic Metal Tag Engraver: Provides high-speed, precise engraving with minimal operator intervention, ideal for large-scale production.
- CNC Metal Tag Engraver: Utilizes computer numerical control for intricate designs and superior accuracy, perfect for complex marking requirements.
Industrial Application of the Dot Peen Marking System
Dot peen marking system is widely applicable in various industries these days. Here is a brief overview of some common uses of dot peen marking tools in these industries.
· Forging Industry
The forging industry uses dot peen engravers to mark identification marks on forged products like iron castings, structural steel shapes, and forgings sent for heat treatment or complete finishing (also known as a cold heading).
In the forging industry, the marking tool is a backup to transfer fewer characters (known as part numbers) than hot stamping.
· Casting Industry
The dot peen engraver is applicable in marking identification marks on casting, helping to prevent theft or easy identification of valuable components within the castings during various production cycles of these components. Using a dot peen marking tool, a manufacturer can easily draw identification logos and part numbers on castings.
· Stamping Industry
The stamping industry is one of the hardest-hitting metal-forming processes that use many metal parts, especially aluminum. In this process, a steel die hits a blank repeatedly until the desired shape is achieved. The blanks are often pressed from sheet or ingot stock at high pressure, which causes them to have distortions or uneven markings
To avoid such unwanted conditions in the finished products, the dot peen marking tool is used in this industry to mark identification marks on the blanks before they are formed. Once these markings are imprinted on the surface of the blank, they will become noticeable when stamped products are examined under proper lighting conditions after the finishing process.
· Rolling Industries
Dot peen marking system also apply in rolling mills to mark identification marks on the rolled metal sheets. Among other marking systems, dot peen marking is the most preferred. It can help manufacturers transfer information more specifically on the surface of the finished product without leaving any visible impression of markings. The only drawback of using dot peen marking system in the rolling industry is that they can damage or remove the surface of the metal.
· Purchasing Industry
In this industry, dot peen machines are suitable for marking identification marks on metal raw materials transported into the factories from suppliers and vendors for further processing. This helps manufacturers review delivery receipts, catalogs, or purchase orders to look up original orders and avoid possible mistakes.
· Manufacturing Industry
The dot peen marking system is applicable in engraving identification marks on various metal components before undergoing further manufacturing processes, including casting or forging, machining, or forming. This avoids mistakes in product-level inventorying and helps manufacturers easily maintain proper control of their products.
· Electrical Industry
The dot peen marking system creates identification marks on various metal electrical components before assembling them into different electrical devices. As a result, they help avoid any mistakes during the assembly process. Furthermore, during repair, markings on each part that makes up the electronic ensure that the repairer uses the right component instead of blindly searching for other parts that could also fit in by accident.
Choosing the Right Dot Peen Engraving Machine
Do you need a dot peen engraving machine for your business or industrial needs? Careful research is an important step in selecting the right one. This guide will discuss the factors to consider before making this important decision.
· Determine Your Engraving Needs
Understanding your needs is the key to choosing the best dot peen engraving machine. Ask yourself questions like: What type of material are you etching on? How big will the engravings be? Do you need to mark multiple parts at once? Will you need an automated or computer-controlled operation? Establishing your goals upfront will help guide your research and selection process.
· Consider The Machine’s Design Features & Durability
It’s important to look at the design features and durability of each dot peen engraving machine you are considering. Ideally, the model should handle many high-performance projects easily and accurately while protecting your workpiece from permanent damage or dirt. Consider different models’ construction materials, portability (if needed), and working life. Additionally, ensure the machine has a low noise level for optimal comfort in your shop.
· Factor Software Compatibility into your Purchase
When selecting a dot peen engraving machine, ensure it’s compatible with whatever software you use for design and production. Seek out machines with the software drivers to support your desired system – such as Windows – allowing you to easily move designs from your design software, such as CorelDRAW, onto the machine. Make sure the machine is compatible with the software you will be using and can support the file types and sizes you will be working with. Having an engraving machine adaptable to your needs will be beneficial.
· Research a Machine’s Maintenance and Service Needs
Before committing to a dot peen engraving machine, ensure it can handle the wear and tear of regular use. Additionally, research the expected maintenance needs and how long its parts（marking pins, springs, marking tube） will last. When you know what kind of effort it will take to maintain your machine regularly, you can properly plan or choose an alternative guaranteed to perform longer. Also, make sure you purchase from a manufacturer offering timely service requests for any potential down-the-line repair work.
Whether a portable dot peen or a pneumatic peen machine, dot peen systems are essential in different industries’ production processing. This article fully discussed the marking system and how it can help you achieve your project. Do you want desire a dot peen marking machine? Contact us for a quality marking machine.